Wednesday, 29 July 2015

Alternative Lyrics to Well Known Songs 40 - We Are Beautiful

This weeks alternative lyrics series is a dance track from the decade that brought you cultural paraphernalia like spiked hair, paint-stained jeans, and crystal-meth!

I decided to include a dance track to show you what the establishment (aka 'the powers that be', i.e. the government, police and other assorted lackies) attitude is to movements that come out of the left-field.  After all the pro-men movement (manosphere, MGTOW, call it what you will) is out of the left-field, so it seems logical that it should encounter similar hostility that other left-field cultural movements have experienced in the past.

The dance/rave scene that took of in the UK during the 1990s was so Left-Field that the establishment in the UK took offence to it.  During the 1990s the Police regularly hunted around for ‘illegal raves’ to try and shut down (like here and here ), while in the Houses of Parliament the government of the day (the Conservatives) passed a law to make raves illegal.

The establishment tried to shut down the raves even though they were full of peaceful White people dancing in abandoned buildings. This is in total contrast to the violent Black Notting Hill Carnivals in metropolitan London that the police don’t try to shut down.  Violent carnivals that can end in violence, even murder.  It's just another example of how the law is used against white people.  White people who just want to get together to have a good time and blow off some steam.

What this shows is that the establishment oppose any activity that they can’t control, particularly when it's white people organising themselves of their own volition and to do their own will. Whether those white people are left-leaning ravers or right-leaning nationalists is irrelevant, political persuasion is largely meaningless.  The establishment look down upon anyone that doesn't act or think like them.  It's grim, but that's the way it is.

In contrast to the grimness of the establishment attitude towards left-field sub-cultures, the lyrics for this weeks 'alternative lyrics..' post are upbeat and generally encourage you to express your inner light, your own radiance and brilliance, whatever form that may come in.

We are all a thousand points of light, each going in our own direction, yet all going in the same direction, onwards!
 

As always, play the music video given below and sing along in your own head, or out loud if so inclined.

# We are Beautiful #
Our inner light will be our guide.
And take us to a place where we don’t need to hide.
Ascend up to the top-most floor.
We’ll be magnificent and pure.
We are beautiful, we are the race that’s white.
We are beautiful, let’s shout the race that’s white.
Let our radiance come from,
our in-ner light.
We are beautiful we are.
We are beautiful let’s shout.
We are beautiful we are.


We are beautiful let’s shout.

We are beautiful we are the race that’s white.
We are beautiful let’s shout the race that’s white.
Let our radiance come from,
our in-ner light.
We are beautiful we are.
We are beautiful let’s shout.
We are beautiful we are.


We are beautiful let’s shout,
to the rest of the world about,
all that we can do.
We are angels we are free,
to be what we want to be;
Anything that we might.
We are beautiful we are the race that’s white.
We are beautiful let’s shout the race that’s white.
Let our radiance come from,
our in-ner light.
We are beautiful we are.
We are beautiful let’s shout.
We are beautiful we are.


We are beautiful we are the race that’s white.
We are beautiful let’s shout the race that’s white.
Let our radiance come from,
our in-ner light.
We are beautiful we are.
We are beautiful let’s shout.
We are beautiful we are.


We are beautiful we are the race that’s white.
We are beautiful let’s shout the race that’s white.
Let our radiance come from,
our in-ner light.
We are beautiful we are.
We are beautiful let’s shout.
We are beautiful we are.


 
[End of Lyrics]

Friday, 24 July 2015

Men of Yore: Tiberius Gracchus

This is intended to be a series of posts about men from history who have either achieved great things in one form or another by pushing boundaries: either in themselves or in society or science or exploration of some form. Boundary pushing and growth is what men do, it's their nature: to grow and push outwards. We, as men, are the frontiers men, the first to discover/uncover new territory, in a metaphysical sense (i.e. including both material and the immaterial) that is later colonised and 'civilised' by the rest of humanity.


Tiberius Gracchus


Tiberius and his brother Gaius Gracchus were to be two men who should become famous, if not infamous, for their struggle for the lower classes of Rome.

They themselves though originated from Rome's very elite. Their father was a consul and military commander and their mother was from the distinguished patrician familiy of the Scipios. - At the death of her husband she even turned down a marriage proposal by the king of Egypt.

Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus at first distinguished himself in the army (as an officer in the Third Punic was he is said to have been the first man over the wall at Carthage), after which he was elected quaestor. When in Numantia an entire army found itself in dire straits, it was Tiberius' negotiation skill, which managed to save the lives of 20'000 Roman soldiers and thousands more among the auxiliary units and camp followers. However, the senate disliked what they called a dishonourable treaty which saved lives, but admitted defeat. If the intervention by his brother-in-law Scipio Aemilianus saved at least the general staff (including Tiberius) from suffering any indignity at the hands of the senate, then the commander of the force, Hostilius Mancinus, was arrested, put in irons and handed over to the enemy. When Gracchus won the election to the tribunate in 133 BC he had probably no intention of starting a revolution. His aim was largely economic.

Long before his rise to fame, the plebeians who wanted office and social recognition had made common cause with the urban poor and the landless country dwellers.

Was the plight of landless Italian farm workers hard enough, it was now further endangered by the rise of slave labour, by which rich land owners now sought to maintain their vast estates.

It could indeed be suggested that those very estates had been acquired agaisnt the rule of law. Law according to which the peasantry should have shared in the land.

As any projects of reform which would touch their own wealth or power would naturally be opposed by the nobles, Tiberius' ideas of land reform should win him few friends in the senate. Tiberius brought forward a bill to the concilium plebis for a creation of allotments mostly out of the large area of public land which the republic had acquired after the Second Punic War. Those currently living on the land would be restricted to what had for some time been the legal limit of ownership (500 acres plus 250 acres for each of up to two sons; i.e. 1000 acres), and would be compensated by being granted a hereditary rent-free lease.

This was a significant political package at a time of general unrest and of expansion abroad. It also restored to the list of those eligible for military service (for which a tradition of qualification was the possession of land) a section of society which had fallen out of the reckoning.

After all, Rome needed soldiers. Leading jurists of the day confirmed that his intentions were indeed legal.

But however reasonable some of his arguments might have been, Gracchus with his contempt for the senate, his flagrant populism and political brinkmanship, heralded a change in the nature of Roman politics. The stakes were getting ever higher, things were becoming more brutal. Rome's well-being seemed more and more to be a secondary factor in the great contest of egos and boundless ambition.
Also the passions whipped up during Tiberius' and Gaius' brief time in office is largely seen as having led to the following period of social strife and civil war.

Gracchus' bill was unsurprisingly supported by the popular assembly. But the other Tribune of the people, Octavius, used his powers to overrule the law. Gracchus now replied by applying his own veto as Tribune to every sort of action by government, in effect bringing the rule of Rome to a standstill. Rome's government was to deal with his bill, before any other matter should be dealt with. Such was his intention. At the next assembly he reintroduced his bill. Once again there was no doubt of its success in the assembly, but once again Octavius vetoed it. At the next assembly Gracchus proposed that Octavius should be deposed from office. This was not within the Roman constitution, but the assembly voted for it nonetheless. Tiberius' agrarian bill was then voted on once again and became law. Three commissioners were appointed to administer the scheme; Tiberius himself, his younger brother Gaius Sempronius Gracchus and Appius Claudius Pulcher, 'leader' of the senate - and Tiberius' father-in-law.

The commission began work at once and some 75'000 smallholdings may have been created and handed to farmers.

As the commission began to run out of money Tiberius simply proposed to the popular assemblies to simply use the available funds from the kingdom of Pergamum, which Rome had recently acquired. The senate was in no mood to be outwitted again, particularly not on matters of finance. It unwillingly passed the proposal. But Tiberius was not making any friends. Particularly as the deposition of Octavius was a revolution, if not a coup d'état. Under the given conditions Gracchus could have introduced any law on his own, given popular support. It was a clear challenge to the senate's authority.

So too, hostile feelings against Gracchus arose, when rich, influential men discovered that the new law may deprive them of land they saw as their own.

In such hostile conditions it was distinctly possible that Gracchus was in danger of prosecution in the courts as well as assassination. He knew it and therefore realized that he had to be re-elected to enjoy the immunity of public office.

But the laws of Rome were clear that no man was to hold office without interval. His candidacy was in effect illegal.

The senate failed in an attempt to bar him from standing again, but a group of enraged senators, led by his hostile cousin Scipio Nasica, charged into an election rally of Tiberius', broke it up and, alas, clubbed him to death. Nasica had to flee the country and died at Pergamum. On the other hand some of Gracchus' supporters were punished by methods which were positively illegal, too.

Scipio Aemilianus on his return from Spain was now called upon to save the state. He probably was in sympathy with the real aims of Tiberius Gracchus, but detested his methods. But to reform Rome it would need a man of less scruples and perhaps less honour.

One morning Scipio was found dead in his bed, believed to have been murdered by the supporters of Gracchus (129 BC).

Source: http://www.roman-empire.net/republic/tib-gracchus.html
 

Tiberius Gracchus was a man who understood that:
Small farms owned and worked by free farmers are more important than plantations owned by aristocrats yet worked by slaves.

Or in other words..
..small businesses owned and worked by citizens are more important than large corporations owned by CEOs yet worked by minimum wage workers.

Or in yet more other words..
..autarky is more important than decadence and slavery.

Whenever governments cease to protect and respect farms, small businesses, or people and instead protect plantations, multi-national corporations, and slavery then you know that your government know longer cares about you.  Thankfully the world is not only populated by sociopathic megalomaniacs intent on sucking the marrow out of the poor man, it is also populated by men who care about the working classes.  Tiberius Gracchus was one of those men who cared for the working classes and tried to improve there lot by guaranteeing all of them land (ergo a job, property, along with food, clothing (wool) and other goods that could be produced on the farmland).


[End.]

Wednesday, 15 July 2015

Alternative Lyrics to Well Known Songs 39 - Don't Call Me Racist

('Don't Call Me Racist' is based on 'Don't Call Me Baby' by 'Maddison Avenue')

Oh goodness me, don't Beeboids at the BBC ever tire of the PC (Politically Correct) drivel that they spew out every waking hour..  A black woman as Guinevere in the series Merlin (which is based on the English Medieval story of Arthur and Camelot etc), nearly every other News presenter is racial minority, and BBC Radio has a dedicated Asian Network channel.  The list goes on and on.  It's awfully boring, awfully tedious, and awfully predictable.

Though the BBC may well be an institution that is not worthy of any compliments or superlatives at all because of it's obsession with Anti-White PC, you can say one thing in their favour: they are nothing if not thorough!  They'd certainly beat Joseph Goebbels in the 'Most abominable propaganda agent in modern times' award!

The BBC regularly spues out Anti-White propaganda throughout it's network, both the BBC and the UKTV network (UKTV is owned by BBC Worldwide, which also owns BBC America and other channels around the world).  Whether it's portraying white husbands as dogs in 'Bring Your Husband to Heel' or showing yet another WW2 documentary about 'the evil NAZI Germans' (notice that they never show one on the evils of the Japanese in the 1940s (Unit 731) or Aztec Empires), or portraying Blond white men as bumbling desperate homosexuals in Holby City, one of the central tenets of the BBC is to spew Racist propaganda against the White Race.  This song is about that.

And!  For added shits and giggles, this song is a re-written version of a typical PC 'Girl Power' song which were used to demoralise the men of the 1990s.  As Sun Tzu have said, the best way of disarming an enemy is to take his weapons and use them against him (Therefore in chariot fighting, when ten or more chariots have been taken, those should be rewarded who took the first. Our own flags should be substituted for those of the enemy, and the chariots mingled and used in conjunction with ours).  So that's exactly what I've done!  Taken a PC song and turned it into an Anti-PC song!

Play the song in the video above and sing along using the alternative lyrics given below.


# Don't Call Me Racist #
B.B.C.
It forces us to watch PC
TV
And forces miscegnation on
All of,
the natives of the British Isles
We're here to tell you Beeboids we know that you're full of lies.


Don't think that we are dumb.
We can see what you have done.
You have denigrated Whites
In every possible way
Blacks in Merlin
and hatred of Germans
We know what you Beeboids are,
You are the Racists.
Your five billion budget really helps you to
Spread your filthy racists views.
It's time to stop calling us racists.
We know what you are
It's you who are racists.


You peddle lies about EDL
I must admit this does not sit with the likes of me.
You're full of shit.
Mmm you spew rubbish.
Even my own children say "liar, liar pants on fire."


Don't think that we are dumb.
We can see what you have done.
You have denigrated Whites
In every possible way
Blacks in Merlin,
and hatred of Germans
We know what you Beeboids are,
You are the Racists.
Your five billion budget really helps you to,
Spread your filthy racists views.
It's time to stop calling us racists.
We know what you are
It's you who are racists.


B.B.C.
it forces us to watch PC
TV.
And forces miscegnation on,
all of,
the natives of the British Isles.
We're here to tell you Beeboids we know that you're full of lies.


Don't think that we are dumb.
We can see what you have done.
You have denigrated Whites
In every possible way.
Blacks in Merlin,
and hatred of Germans
We know what you Beeboids are,
You are the Racists.
Your five billion budget really helps you to
Spread your filthy racists views.
It's time to stop calling us racists.
We know what you are
It's you who are racists.



[End of Lyrics.]

Saturday, 11 July 2015

Men of Yore: Pavel Schilling

This is intended to be a series of posts about men from history who have either achieved great things in one form or another by pushing boundaries: either in themselves or in society or science or exploration of some form. Boundary pushing and growth is what men do, it's their nature: to grow and push outwards. We, as men, are the frontiers men, the first to discover/uncover new territory, in a metaphysical sense (i.e. including both material and the immaterial) that is later colonised and 'civilised' by the rest of humanity.


Pavel Schilling



Baron Pavel L’vovitch Schilling made significant contributions in the field of electrical telegraphy in the early twentieth century and was in fact the pioneer in inventing electromagnetic telegraphy.

Pavel Schilling was born as Paul Constadt, Baron von Schilling in Reval, in present Estonia in 1786. He worked as a diplomat at the Russian embassy in Munich, Germany. It was here that he witnessed electricity for the first time and derived his inspiration for working with electricity. He developed a way to detonate explosives using electric wires from a distance. In 1813-14, Schilling returned home to Russia to fight against Napoleon’s invading army. Afterwards he went to Paris and expanded his knowledge on electric mines, cables and telegraphy. He also learned about Oersted’s discovery of electromagnetism and spent the next several years working on a practical telegraph system using electromagnetism. He was also influenced by Sturgeon, Ampere and Schweigger.

In 1828, Schilling launched his first prototype telegraph using electric current transferred along the wires stretched between two locations. In 1832, he made a short distance transmission of electric signals between two telegraphs in two different rooms of his apartment. He was the first to put into practice a binary system of signal transmission. Schilling demonstrated his telegraph model to the Tsar in St. Petersburg. In 1835, he demonstrated at the congress of scientists in Bonn. In 1836, the British government tried to buy Schilling’s design but he offered it to Russia. His model was tested on a 5 kilometers experimental ground with also some underwater cables laid around the building of the Admiralty in St. Petersburg and was approved for a telegraph between the imperial palace at Peterhof and the naval base at Kronstadt. However, Schilling died in 1837 and this telegraph line was not built in the end.

Though Schilling’s electromagnetic telegraph line was not actually built, it provided an influential model for future telegraphs and inspired others like William Cooke.


Source: http://ethw.org/Pavel_Schilling

The mid-19th century was a pioneering time in world technology: iron-clad ships were invented, as were steam engines, new farming techniques were introduced, and new chemicals were discovered, also during this time telegraphy was invented.  Telegraphy has revolutionised communication around the world, both on a local, national and international scale.  No longer do people have to wait days for a horseman to deliver messages from A to B (assuming that it did indeed arrive and wasn't stolen by a highwayman on the road or a pirate on the seas).  Instead they can have their message delivered instantly and at minimal cost.  These benefits are not a new development, they didn't come around with the invention of the mobile phone, they came around in the 1850's thanks to men like Pavel Schelling who revolutionised international communication.


[End.]

Wednesday, 8 July 2015

Charity Begins... with profiteering at any cost

Charities, the epitome of modern day caring and generosity.  That's what we've been led to believe anyway.  While some charities might be staffed and run by kind people increasingly this is not the case in the UK.  They are turning more and more into slick run businesses with PR campaigns and a bottom-line that they need to meet, at any cost.  Basically they are becoming more and more sociopathic.

Recently one OAP committed suicide because she was continually harassed by charities who repeatedly cold called her many times every day.  They preyed upon her because she was a nice person and was known to give money to charities despite her OAP status.

It's a general warning to everyone, especially nice guys, to be wary of people and organisations who present themselves as 'caring' because, like the stereotypical used-car-salesman, there is a good chance that they aren't what they appear to be.  Just because a charity worker, sales person or woman smiles at you doesn't mean that they have good intentions towards you.

Anyway, here's the relevant story from the Daily Mail.  You can find the original HERE.



Shame of the charity cold call sharks: Mail investigation finds Britain's biggest charities ruthlessly hounding the vulnerable and elderly for cash, even if they have OPTED OUT of receiving calls

  • Charity giants have been hounding vulnerable people on a 'no-call' list
  • British Red Cross, Oxfam and Macmillan are exploting loopholes in the TPS
  • The TPS was set up to stop people being hounded at home by cold callers
  • One call centre supervisor told fundraisers he wanted more 'ferocity'
  • Another stressed 'the whole point' was simply asking people for money

 


 
Charity giants have been hounding vulnerable people on an official ‘no-call’ list, the Daily Mail can reveal today.
 
The British Red Cross, NSPCC, Oxfam and Macmillan have all been making calls to households registered with the Telephone Preference Service.
 
They are exploiting loopholes in the TPS system, which was set up to stop people being hounded at home by cold-callers. Their fundraisers are told to be ‘brutal’ and ‘ferocious’ and that no one has an excuse not to give, even the poor or elderly.
 
The Information Commissioner’s Office vowed to investigate immediately, saying the charities could be breaking the law.
 
Charities were already in the spotlight following an outcry over the death of 92-year-old Olive Cooke, who had been swamped by fundraising appeals.
 
Rob Wilson, who is the minister for civil society, said the behaviour uncovered by the Mail was ‘immoral’.
 
He added: ‘The evidence is mounting that totally unacceptable practices are taking place at fundraisers.’
 
Oxfam has suspended all telephone fundraising in the UK while it investigates the Mail’s evidence. The other charities have vowed to investigate.

The Mail’s undercover investigation found that:
  • Donors who reveal they have dementia are still being asked to commit to direct debits;
  • Charities also take money from people who admit to confusion and memory problems;
  • Supporters as old as 91 are being repeatedly called even if they have opted out;
  • The British Red Cross is hounding people for up to three years after they have cancelled their donations;
  • Fundraisers have been handed special scripts to deal with questions about Mrs Cooke.
An undercover Mail reporter worked for three weeks for London-based GoGen, a company that carries out campaigns for 40 of the country’s biggest charities, including Cancer Research UK, Save The Children and Age International.
 
Major charities, including the NSPCC, the British Red Cross and Macmillan, were found to be calling people who were registered with the Telephone Preference Service.
 
Such people have deliberately opted out of receiving unsolicited calls.
But a loophole means that if they have failed at any point to read the small print in privacy policies, and don’t object to receiving calls, they lose the protection of the TPS system.
 
After reviewing the Mail’s evidence, Stephen Eckersley, the ICO’s Head of Enforcement, said: ‘We’d like to thank the Daily Mail for bringing this to our attention. On the face of it this could be a breach of both the Data Protection Act and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations.
 
‘We will be launching an investigation into the call centre and charities involved.’
He said charities must follow the same rules on marketing by calls or texts as any other company. Rule breakers face fines of up to £500,000.
 
Existing supporters are harassed repeatedly to increase their donations – with some Macmillan supporters being called four times in a row, even if they have already said no.
 
Richard Lloyd, of the consumer group Which?, said: ‘The Government must now carry out a full review of fundraising rules and regulations to put an end to this and save the sector’s reputation.’
 
Bernard Jenkin, the Tory chairman of the Commons public administration committee, said: ‘The Daily Mail is right to expose this, and I will be asking my committee to look into it.’ Dame Esther Rantzen, a trustee at the NSPCC, said she was ‘horrified’ her charity had been calling vulnerable people on no call lists.
She said: ‘I welcome the investigation, I think it is really important.’
 
The Fundraising Standards Board – the self-regulatory body for charities in the UK – said it was ‘very concerned’ by the revelations and would investigate fully.
 
All of the charities denied acting unlawfully but said they would look into the Mail’s evidence as a matter of urgency.
Oxfam is among those to have been using London-based GoGen, a company that carries out campaigns for 40 of Britain's biggest charities
 
A spokesman for the British Red Cross said the charity was ‘deeply concerned’ by the claims. She said the charity believed it was obeying the law on the TPS but will be ‘seeking clarification’ from the ICO and Institute of Fundraising. The NSPCC said it had ‘contractual arrangements in place with those that fundraise on our behalf, including strict guidance on vulnerable people, and expect the highest standards of behaviour.’
 
But it added: ‘Any suggestion of inappropriate activity is deeply worrying and we would want any concerns to be raised with us immediately so that they can be quickly addressed.’
 
A Macmillan spokesman said: ‘We take the claims made by the Daily Mail seriously and are looking into these as a priority.
 
‘We do not wish to contact people if we are aware this is unwanted. We take the requests of our supporters very seriously and all supporters can choose to unsubscribe from communications at any time.
 
‘We would not hesitate to take robust action if we found our agencies were not acting with upmost integrity on our behalf.’
 
Oxfam said it had suspended all telephone fundraising activity to ‘ensure companies who work on our behalf meet not only the regulatory standards but also our own high moral and ethical standards’.
 
It said the dementia and Alzheimer’s policy was all about ‘enabling people with dementia to live as full a life as possible, including supporting their favourite charity.’
 
Tim Hunter, fundraising director, said: ‘Oxfam fights for the rights of poor and vulnerable people across the world and we apply our values to all aspects of our work. We would never exploit an individual’s vulnerability in our marketing.

‘Our guidelines around telephone fundraising are also aligned to those of the Institute of Fundraising, who consulted the Alzheimer’s Society, Scope and AgeUK.

‘Our agencies have clear, regulated policies that help strike the appropriate balance between enabling people with dementia to live as full a life as possible, including supporting their favourite charity, and protecting them from the vulnerability caused by dementia.’
 
Yesterday it also emerged that Save The Children had decided to end cold-calling.
Giuseppe Iantosca of GoGen said he had suspended two members of staff while the firm investigated the Mail’s evidence.
 
He also said GoGen would not ask those with dementia for money in future.


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3151533/Shamed-charity-cold-call-sharks-Britain-s-biggest-charities-ruthlessly-hound-vulnerable-cash-try-opt-receiving-calls.html#ixzz3fJeFE2ds
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3151533/Shamed-charity-cold-call-sharks-Britain-s-biggest-charities-ruthlessly-hound-vulnerable-cash-try-opt-receiving-calls.html


[End.]

Saturday, 4 July 2015

Men of Yore: Richard Chancellor

This is intended to be a series of posts about men from history who have either achieved great things in one form or another by pushing boundaries: either in themselves or in society or science or exploration of some form. Boundary pushing and growth is what men do, it's their nature: to grow and push outwards. We, as men, are the frontiers men, the first to discover/uncover new territory, in a metaphysical sense (i.e. including both material and the immaterial) that is later colonised and 'civilised' by the rest of humanity.


Richard Chanellor (1553)

Richard Chancellor (died 1556) was an English explorer and navigator; the first to penetrate to the White Sea and establish relations with Russia.

Chancellor, a native of Bristol, acquired geographical and maritime proficiency from the explorer Sebastian Cabot and the geographer John Dee. Cabot had always been interested in making a voyage to Asia through the Arctic, and for this purpose King Edward VI chartered an association of English merchants, the Company of Merchant Adventurers in 1552–1553, with the Duke of Northumberland as principal patron. They hoped not only to discover a North-east passage but also to find a market for English woollen cloth.

Sir Hugh Willoughby was given three ships for the search, and Chancellor went as second-in-command. Their orders from the King included behaving peacably towards any people they met and keeping a regular journal. According to Howarth contrary winds delayed the expedition seriously but they eventually arrived off the North Cape as autumn set in, and were separated by a violent storm; Willoughby, with two ships, sailed east and discovered Novaya Zemlya but died during the winter with all his men on the Lapland coast some distance east of Murmansk. The bodies and journals were discovered by Russian hunters in the spring. Meanwhile, Chancellor noted and named the North Cape and with his ship Edward Bonaventure called at the Norwegian port of Vardø, the last town in Scandinavia before the inhospitable arctic coast of Russia; here they met Scottish fisherman who warned them of the dangers ahead. However continuing eastwards they found the entrance to the White Sea and after obtaining directions from local people dropped anchor at the port of Archangel.[1] 
When Tsar Ivan the Terrible heard of Chancellor's arrival, he immediately invited the exotic guest to visit Moscow for an audience at the royal court. Chancellor made the journey of over 600 miles (over 1000 kilometres) to Moscow by horse-drawn sleigh through snow and ice covered country. He found Moscow large (much larger than London) and primitively built, most houses being constructed of wood. However, the palace of the tsar was very luxurious, as were the dinners he offered Chancellor.[2] The Russian tsar was pleased to open the sea trading routes with England and other countries, as Russia did not yet have a connection with the Baltic Sea at the time and the entire area was contested by the neighbouring powers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Swedish Empire. In addition, the Hanseatic League had a monopoly on the trade between Russia and Central and Western Europe. Chancellor was no less optimistic, finding a good market for his English wool, and receiving furs and other Russian goods in return. The Tsar gave him letters for England inviting English traders and promising trade privileges.

When Chancellor returned to England in the summer of 1554, King Edward was dead, and his successor, Mary, had executed Northumberland for attempting to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne. No stigma attached to Chancellor, and the Muscovy Company, as the association was now called, sent him again to the White Sea in 1555. On this voyage he learned what had happened to Willoughby, recovered his papers, and found out about the discovery of Novaya Zemlya. Chancellor spent the summer of 1555 dealing with the Tsar, organising trade, and trying to learn how China might be reached by the northern route.

In 1556 Chancellor departed for England, taking with him the first Russian ambassador to his country, Osip (i.e.Joseph) Nepeya. They left Archangel in autumn; the fleet was Willoughby's ships (relaunched), the Philip and Mary and the Edward Bonadventure. In October/November the fleet tried to winter in Trondheim. The Bona Esperanza sank, the Bona Confidentia appeared to enter the fjord but was never heard of again, and the Philip and Mary successfully wintered in Trondheim and arrived in London next 18 April. The Edward did not attempt to enter, instead reaching the Scottish coast and being wrecked at Pitslago on 7 November. Chancellor lost his life, although the Russian envoy survived to reach London.

Chancellor had found a way to Russia, and though in time it was superseded by a better one it remained for years the only feasible route for the English.
He died at Pitsligo Bay on 10 November 1556 .[3]

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Chancellor


An Englishman who actually tried to improve relations between England and Russia?  Surely this is a joke?!  Everyone knows that Englishmen have never aspired to better relations with Russians!
  • In the 19th century they were at war over the Crimea;
  • In the early 20th they were involved in court intrigues (cf. Rasputin and all that jazz) trying to cause havoc in government;
  • In the mid 20th century there were Cold War shenanigans;
  • And now there are trade embargoes and lord knows what going on in Ukraine 
Well Richard Chancellor is proof that relations between England and Russia need not always be bad.  The same goes for other countries (or indeed any group of people, countries are just groups of people who self-identify as a community).  Peaceful co-existence is preferable to war-filled existence when it benefits both sides.  Chancellor set out to make contact and establish peaceful co-existence with Ivan the Terrible in the form of trade: English wool in exchange for Russian furs.  If only we had a man like that now then we in the West would be opening up trading opportunities rather than trying to provoke Russia into open warfare.


[End.]

Friday, 26 June 2015

Men of Yore: Henry Cavendish

This is intended to be a series of posts about men from history who have either achieved great things in one form or another by pushing boundaries: either in themselves or in society or science or exploration of some form. Boundary pushing and growth is what men do, it's their nature: to grow and push outwards. We, as men, are the frontiers men, the first to discover/uncover new territory, in a metaphysical sense (i.e. including both material and the immaterial) that is later colonised and 'civilised' by the rest of humanity.



Henry Cavendish. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
Henry Cavend

Born: October 10, 1731
Nice, France
Died: February 24, 1810
London, England

English physicist and chemist 
 
The English physicist and chemist Henry Cavendish determined the value of the universal constant of gravitation, made noteworthy electrical studies, and is credited with the discovery of hydrogen and the composition of water.

Early years

Henry Cavendish was born in Nice, France, on October 10, 1731, the oldest son of Lord Charles Cavendish and Lady Anne Grey, who died a few years after Henry was born. As a youth he attended Dr. Newcomb's Academy in Hackney, England. He entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, in 1749, but left after three years without taking a degree.
    
Cavendish returned to London, England to live with his father. There, Cavendish built himself a laboratory and workshop. When his father died in 1783, Cavendish moved the laboratory to Clapham Common, where he also lived. He never married and was so reserved that there is little record of his having any social life except occasional meetings with scientific friends.

Contributions to chemistry

During his lifetime Cavendish made notable discoveries in chemistry, mainly between 1766 and 1788, and in electricity, between 1771 and 1788. In 1798 he published a single notable paper on the density of the earth. At the time Cavendish began his chemical work, chemists were just beginning to recognize that the "airs" that were evolved in many chemical reactions were clear parts and not just modifications of ordinary air. Cavendish reported his own work in "Three Papers Containing Experiments on Factitious Air" in 1766. These papers added greatly to knowledge of the formation of "inflammable air" (hydrogen) by the action of dilute acids (acids that have been weakened) on metals.
Cavendish's other great achievement in chemistry is his measuring of the density of hydrogen. Although his figure is only half what it should be, it is astonishing that he even found the right order. Not that his equipment was crude; where the techniques of his day allowed, his equipment was capable of precise results. Cavendish also investigated the products of fermentation, a chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds into simple substances. He showed that the gas from the fermentation of sugar is nearly the same as the "fixed air" characterized by the compound of chalk and magnesia (both are, in modern language, carbon dioxide).
    
Another example of Cavendish's ability was "Experiments on Rathbone-Place Water"(1767), in which he set the highest possible standard of accuracy. "Experiments" is regarded as a classic of analytical chemistry (the branch of chemistry that deals with separating substances into the different chemicals they are made from). In it Cavendish also examined the phenomenon (a fact that can be observed) of the retention of "calcareous earth" (chalk, calcium carbonate) in solution (a mixture dissolved in water). In doing so, he discovered the reversible reaction between calcium carbonate and carbon dioxide to form calcium bicarbonate, the cause of temporary hardness of water. He also found out how to soften such water by adding lime (calcium hydroxide).
    
One of Cavendish's researches on the current problem of combustion (the process of burning) made an outstanding contribution to general theory. In 1784 Cavendish determined the composition (make up) of water, showing that it was a combination of oxygen and hydrogen. Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) had reported an experiment in which the explosion of the two gases had left moisture on the sides of a previously dry container. Cavendish studied this, prepared water in measurable amount, and got an approximate figure for its volume composition.

Electrical research

Cavendish published only a fraction of the experimental evidence he had available to support his theories, but his peers were convinced of the correctness of his conclusions. He was not the first to discuss an inverse-square law of electrostatic attraction (the attraction between opposite—positive and negative—electrical charges). Cavendish's idea, however, based in part on mathematical reasoning, was the most effective. He founded the study of the properties of dielectrics (nonconducting electricity) and also distinguished clearly between the amount of electricity and what is now called potential.
    
Cavendish had the ability to make a seemingly limited study give far-reaching results. An example is his study of the origin of the ability of some fish to give an electric shock. He made up imitation fish of leather and wood soaked in salt water, with pewter (tin) attachments representing the organs of the fish that produced the effect. By using Leyden jars (glass jars insulated with tinfoil) to charge the imitation organs, he was able to show that the results were entirely consistent with the fish's ability to produce electricity. This investigation was among the earliest in which the conductivity of aqueous (in water) solutions was studied.
    
Cavendish began to study heat with his father, then returned to the subject in 1773–1776 with a study of the Royal Society's meteorological instruments. (The Royal Society is the world's oldest and most distinguished scientific organization.) During these studies he worked out the most important corrections to be employed in accurate thermometry (the measuring of temperature). In 1783 he published a study of the means of determining the freezing point of mercury. In it he added a good deal to the general theory of fusion (melting together by heat) and freezing and the latent heat changes that accompany them (the amount of heat absorbed by the fused material).
    
Cavendish's most celebrated investigation was that on the density of the earth. He took part in a program to measure the length of a seconds pendulum close to a large mountain (Schiehallion). Variations from the period on the plain would show the attraction put out by the mountain, from which the density of its substance could be figured out. Cavendish also approached the subject in a more fundamental way by determining the force of attraction of a very large, heavy lead ball for a very small, light ball. The ratio between this force and the weight of the light ball would result in the density of the earth. His results went unquestioned for nearly a century.

Unpublished works

Had Cavendish published all of his work, his already great influence would undoubtedly have been greater. In fact, he left in manuscript form a vast amount of work that often anticipated the work of those who followed him. It came to light only bit by bit until the thorough study undertaken by James Maxwell (1831–1879) and by Edward Thorpe (1845–1925). In these notes is to be found such material as the detail of his experiments to examine the conductivity of metals, as well as many chemical questions such as a theory of chemical equivalents. He even had a theory of partial pressures before John Dalton (1766–1844).
    
However, the history of science is full of instances of unpublished works that might have influenced others but in fact did not. Whatever he did not reveal, Cavendish gave other scientists enough to help them on the road to modern ideas. Nothing he did has been rejected, and for this reason he is still, in a unique way, part of modern life.

Source: http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ca-Ch/Cavendish-Henry.html#ixzz3dywiaZPO

Personality and legacy

Cavendish was a shy man who was uncomfortable in society and avoided it when he could. He conversed little, always dressed in an old-fashioned suit, and developed no known deep personal attachments outside his family. Cavendish was taciturn and solitary and regarded by many as eccentric. He only communicated with his female servants by notes. By one account, Cavendish had a back staircase added to his house in order to avoid encountering his housekeeper because he was especially shy of women. The contemporary accounts of his personality have led some modern commentators, such as Oliver Sacks, to speculate that he had Asperger syndrome, though he may merely have been anthropophobic. His only social outlet was the Royal Society Club, whose members dined together before weekly meetings. Cavendish seldom missed these meetings, and was profoundly respected by his contemporaries. However his shyness made those who "sought his views... speak as if into vacancy. If their remarks were...worthy, they might receive a mumbled reply, but more often than not they would hear a peeved squeak (his voice appears to have been high-pitched) and turn to find an actual vacancy and the sight of Cavendish fleeing to find a more peaceful corner".[10] Cavendish's religious views were also considered eccentric for his time. He was considered to be agnostic. As his biographer, George Wilson, comments, "As to Cavendish's religion, he was nothing at all".[26][27] He also enjoyed collecting fine furniture exemplified by his purchase of a set of "ten inlaid satinwood chairs with matching cabriole legged sofa".[28]

Because of his asocial and secretive behaviour, Cavendish often avoided publishing his work, and much of his findings were not even told to his fellow scientists. In the late nineteenth century, long after his death, James Clerk Maxwell looked through Cavendish's papers and found things for which others had been given credit. Examples of what was included in Cavendish's discoveries or anticipations were Richter's law of reciprocal proportions, Ohm's law, Dalton's law of partial pressures, principles of electrical conductivity (including Coulomb's law), and Charles's law of gases. A manuscript "Heat", tentatively dated between 1783 and 1790, describes a "mechanical theory of heat". Hitherto unknown, the manuscript was analyzed in the early 21st century. Historian of science Russell McCormmach proposed that "Heat" is the only 18th century work prefiguring thermodynamics. Theoretical physicist Dietrich Belitz concluded that in this work Cavendish "got the nature of heat essentially right."[29]

As Cavendish performed his famous density of the Earth experiment in an outbuilding in the garden of his Clapham Common estate, his neighbours would point out the building and tell their children that it was where the world was weighed.[28] In honor of Henry Cavendish's achievements and due to an endowment granted by Henry's relative William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire, the University of Cambridge’s physics laboratory was named the Cavendish Laboratory by James Clerk Maxwell, the first Cavendish Professor of Physics and an admirer of Cavendish's work.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Cavendish#Personality_and_legacy

Here is proof that great men come in all manner of shapes, sizes and personalities.  Some great men can be very sociable (like Theodore Roosevelt) while others can be reclusives (like Henry Cavendish).  It shows us that greatness isn't confined to a single character type.  Not every one is going to be a confident warrior like Charlemagne or an adventurous explorer like Columbus, there are those who quietly diligently exert themselves in quiet surroundings shunning publicity, men like Henry Cavendish or Gregor Mendel.  Yet despite their reclusiveness they still contributed great things to humanity, and that should be remembered.


[End.]

Monday, 22 June 2015

Alternative Lyrics to Well Known Songs 38 - Götz of Berlichingen

(Based on the song 'Son of a Gun' by 'JX')

An alternative lyrics post based on an upbeat 1990s dance track for your aural delectation this week. The lyrics are about the man who coined the impudent phrase "You can lick my arse!": Götz of Berlichingen (aka Götz of the Iron Hand, 'cause he had a top-notch prosthetic arm which was good enough for holding a quill or a sword).

So who was Götz of Berlichingen?  Well, It depends upon your perspective really.  He could be described as any one of the following:
  • A disabled medieval dude.
  • A German Knight.
  • A freebooter (he robbed merchants).
  • An existentialist (in Sartres view).
  • The man who coined the phrase "He can lick my arse." (or it's variations like "You can pucker up and kiss my arse!")
Regardless of the angle that you see him from there's no doubting that he's one heck of a character!

Anyway, onto the lyrics themselves.  For some reason they make me smile.  I think it's the juxtaposition of the elements: the subject matter is an adventurous Medieval German knight, while the song is an upbeat 1990's dance track.  Quite the coupling!
 
Enjoy!
Play the music video above and sing along using the alternative lyrics given below.


# Götz of Berlichingen #
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
He's Götz of Berlichingen.
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
Götz of Berlichingen.


A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
He's Götz of Berlichingen.

A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
He's Götz of Berlichingen.


Whaa ho!
Whaa ho!
Eh eh heh heh
Whaa ho!
Whaa ho!
Eh eh heh heh

A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
He's Götz of Berlichingen.

A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."

Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.

Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
He's Götz of Berlichingen.


Whaa ho!
Whaa ho!
Eh eh heh heh
Whaa ho!
Whaa ho!
Eh eh heh heh

A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
He's Götz of Berlichingen.
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."
A man says "Lick my bum."

Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.
Götz of Berlichingen.
G-G-Götz of Berlichingen.

 

[End of lyrics.]

Saturday, 20 June 2015

Men of Yore: James Simpson

This is intended to be a series of posts about men from history who have either achieved great things in one form or another by pushing boundaries: either in themselves or in society or science or exploration of some form. Boundary pushing and growth is what men do, it's their nature: to grow and push outwards. We, as men, are the frontiers men, the first to discover/uncover new territory, in a metaphysical sense (i.e. including both material and the immaterial) that is later colonised and 'civilised' by the rest of humanity.

James Simpson

James Simpson (1799–1869) was a British civil engineer. He was president of the Institution of Civil Engineers from January 1853 to January 1855.[1]

James Simpson was the fourth son of Thomas Simpson, engineer of the Chelsea Waterworks. James succeeded his father in both this post and that of engineer of the Lambeth Waterworks Company. It was under Simpson's instruction that the Chelsea Waterworks became the first in the country to install a slow sand filtration system to purify the water they were drawing from the River Thames.[2] This filter consisted of successive beds of loose brick, gravel and sand to remove solids from the water.[3]

He also designed waterworks at Windsor Castle and Bristol as well as The Wooden Pier at Southend on Sea.[4] James Simpson established J. Simpson & Co., a manufacturer of steam engines and pumps. He made several improvements to the design of these machines.[5]

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Simpson_(engineer)

 

Timeline of Simpson and Thompson and James Simpson and Co, waterworks and manufacturing engineer.

1799 Born in London on 25 July in the engineer's residence at the Chelsea waterworks where his father, Thomas Simpson was engineer; Thomas was later engineer of Lambeth water company too.
James Simpson worked and learned under his father's direction
1823 He inherited the position of chief engineer to both the Chelsea and Lambeth companies on his father's death.
1825 James Simpson, Civil Engineer, Chelsea Waterworks, became a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers.[1]
1825 Partnership with George Thompson, engine maker, as Simpson and Thompson, engine makers and vendors[2].
1827 Simpson toured the water filtration operations at Glasgow and at industrial sites near Manchester and elsewhere in Lancashire.
1829 After more than a year of experiments with prototype filter beds, he completed a 1 acre filter bed at the Chelsea works.
Simpson trained his younger brother William Simpson (1809-1864) in engineering and aided him in the operation of a steam engine company in Pimlico, London, [3], Simpson and Co at Grosvenor Engine Works.
He provided a water supply for Windsor Castle and other royal palaces and was called on as expert to report on schemes for improvement of London's sewers.
1851 Simpson completed a gravity-fed water supply for Bristol, piping water over 10 miles.
1852 Moved Lambeth Water Company's works to Seething Wells, Kingston upon Thames. This works used four 600 horse-power steam engines to pump ten million gallons from its filter beds to London.
Involved in waterworks for Cambridge, Cardiff, Carlisle, Exeter, London, York, Amsterdam, Copenhagen and elsewhere from the 1840s through the 1860s.
1856 York Water Co: note in archives suggests that James Simpson was asked to advise on method of operating the Beam engines; James Simpson (presumably the company) was ordered to remove the beam engines for scrap in 1918[4].
James had three sons, James and Arthur who were connected with engineering or engine manufacturing, and John who was an artist.[5]. At least four of his grandsons were engineers involved with waterworks.
1862 The partnership of James Simpson, William Simpson and James Simpson, Junior carrying on business as manufacturing engineers as Simpson and Co and William Simpson and Co at Grosvenor Rd, Pimlico, and Cubitt Town, Poplar, was dissolved. James Simpson would carry on the business[6].
1869 Died at his home, Westfield Lodge, Portsmouth Road, Kingston upon Thames on 4 March.

Source: http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/James_Simpson

Basic infrastructure and civil engineering is something that many of us take for granted, something that we don't pay much attention to because it isn't emotionally charged and is a tad, dare I say, boring; but it does an essential job and without it we'd have mortality rates like back in Victorian-era London along with all manner of nasty water-bourne diseases.  It's because of men like James Simpson that we have healthy lives and can drink clean water. 

In fact our water is so clean that even the water used to flush the toilets is cleaner than the drinking water of Victorian-era Londoners!  That's what you call progress.


[End.]